Who is Guru or Teacher?

AOSS Model

Asia OSS Technology Program, a sixteen country network, was initiated by the CICC Singapore office. The aim was to create a large number of OSS professionals to teach/spread/support OSS in South and South-east Asia. During this program importance of voluntary contribution and need for sustainable OSS training and promotional program in each country is stressed.
Major output was "AOSS Learning Model". It is a resource efficient and partnership model for community by community. More than 100 events have been conducted for AOSS community using this model.

All are learners - working to learn


learners are also teachers - no age bar


Conventonal Teaching

  1. teacher-centered
  2. Instruction/presentationi
  3. Lecturer
  4. Professor/Tutor
  5. Focus on Knowledge
  6. Exams and Tests

AOSS learning paradigm

  1. learner-centered
  2. Assignments/Projects
  3. Trainer
  4. Coach/Facilitator
  5. Focus on Skills
  6. Solutions to some of the identified problems

Good learners

A good learner is one who:
  1. has confidence in their ability to learn and trust in teachers and the system;
  2. comes prepared and makes full use of instruction time.
  3. begins with being present physically and mentally;
  4. listens carefully. listens, even if he or she disagrees.
  5. actively listens, thinks and responds.
  6. always tries and not fearful of being wrong
  7. is willing to work hard.
  8. enjoy solving problems. Not expecting an absolute, final, irrevocable resolution to every problem. More interested in the process of learning
  9. interacts with other students.asks questions, any questions.
  10. enthusiastic and need not be smart. never stops learning. open to new ideas and able to question his/her own beliefs.
  11. very flexible to learn in any situation, under constraints and difficult situations (in any environment)
  12. share what they have learned. Unless Knowledge is passed on, knowledge is lost.

Good student for traditional education

  1. possesses the ability and willingness to learn new subjects even the subjects are not interesting.
  2. Ability to read comprehensively, to write effectively, to speak fluently, and to communicate clearly
  3. ability to apply the results of learning in to a creative way and achieve the goals.
  4. can interpret and perceive right meanings from lectures/presentations. (no misunderstanding and deriving wrong conclusions).
  5. Discipline in managing the time and completing assignments, reading and other required tasks to achieve the goals.
  6. Understanding rather than memorizing concepts

Good Teacher

“A good teacher is conductors and the class is their orchestra. All students play different instruments and at varying proficiencies. A teacher’s job is to develop skills and make these instruments come to life as a coherent whole to make music.
  1. motivating students to learn, but teaching them how to learn,
  2. having a passion for it, and conveying that passion to everyone, most importantly to your students.
  3. having substance and training students as consumers of knowledge.
  4. bridging the gap between theory and practice.
  5. practical oneself in the field, talking to, consulting with, and assisting practitioners, and liaising with their communities.
  6. listening, questioning, being responsive, and remembering that each student and class is different.
  7. pushing students to excel; at the same time,
  8. being human, respecting others, and being professional at all times. A good teacher is compassionate.sensitive to that and adjust accordingly. Empathetic– Being sensitive to a student’s struggles even though you may not personally be able to relate to them.
  9. being flexible, fluid, experimenting, and having the confidence to react and adjust to changing circumstances. Adaptable – Making changes to lessons or activities on the fly because of an unforeseen situation or problem.
  10. entertaining? humor fun, experiencing pleasure Joyful – Coming to class each day in a good mood, excited, and enthusiastic about doing your job.
  11. Accountable – Holding yourself to the same expectations and standards as you hold your students.
  12. cooperative, caring, nurturing, and developing minds and talents.
  13. thankless hours of grading, designing or redesigning courses, and preparing materials to further enhance instruction.
  14. Creative – Taking a concept and shaping a lesson that is unique, engaging, and dynamic.
  15. Dedicated – Showing up everyday and spending the necessary time to provide your students with the best education.
  16. Determined – Finding any means necessary to reach all students no matter the challenge. The determination to overcome any obstacle
  17. Evolving – A continuous process of year over year improvement and growth. A teacher must continuously look for ways to improve themselves as well as individual lessons or components of lessons. Try new ideas
  18. Forgiving – Quickly putting incidents with student, parents, or other teachers behind you so that it does not impact your teaching.
  19. Inspirational – The ability of a teacher to get their students to buy into, believe in, and to be motivated to become life long learners.
  20. Organized – The ability to keep things neat and in order allowing teachers to access materials quickly and to make efficient transitions.
  21. Patient – The ability to see the whole picture and to understand that the school year is a marathon, not a sprint.
  22. Resourceful – Finding a way to make things happen.
  23. Trustworthy – The ability to get others around you to believe in you and what you are doing.
A teacher must gain the trust of both their students and parents. Any distrust will negatively impact the classroom.

Spiritual education

You yourself have to be the master and the pupil. You must understand it, go into it, examine it, give your heart and your mind, with everything that you have, to find out a way of living differently.
You yourself are the teacher and the pupil; you are the Master; you are the guru; you are the leader; you are everything. Every one is unique. you will never follow anyone.
You are your own master, you make your own future.[Dhammapada - 380]
None can teach you. None can make you spiritual. There is no other teacher but your own soul. ~ Swami Vivekananda.
Find your path. and follow it. . When you find it, stick to it. Spiritual experiences happen for people all the time. So, be calm and Stay normal. It’s totally cool to continue to be yourself and stay engaged in your world and surroundings even as you advance on your spiritual path. In fact, it’ll probably get a lot easier to do so.
Spiritual practice should be:
  1. consistency. is to keep it short, simple and doable. Even seven minutes a day can change (or save!) your life.
  2. that inspires you,, just as a thirsty man would stay by the well that most nourishes his thirst.
  3. Streamline your spirituality.
  4. If it doesn’t feel right, it probably isn’t right for you.
  5. Have patience.Malcolm Gladwell states that for anything to be mastered, it takes about 10,000 hours of practice. Remember the tortoise, because slow and steady is how this spiritual path is trodden.
  6. Sing.Or chant as Music uplifts us.
  7. Group activity, so that there will be healthy competition

Dattatreya and his 24 Gurus

For Dattatreya, guru is any object or person which can teach him wisdom. He has taken 24 instances, humans, creatures and objects, to teach us something. he has gained the necessary wisdom, through 24 Gurus. The earth, air/breeze, sky, fire, the sun, pigeon, python, sea, moth, elephant, ant, fish, Pingala the courtesan, arrow-maker, infant/playful boy, the moon, honeybee, deer, bird of prey, maiden, serpent, spider, caterpillar and water are his twenty four preceptors.
  1. Earth for forgiveness, unselfishness and the strength to bear burdens. The earth, burdened by a thankless world, stands firm and proud. She bears sunlight, cold, windand rain with patience. It bears the dirt thrown on it by the people and does not get angry when people walk on her.
  2. Air, symbol of life is pervading everywhere, yet uncontaminated by the movements, Not resting in one place, always in motion but never tired.
  3. Sky is limitless vast and unseen. Though it might look bounded, it is vast and unbounded, symbol of infinite.
  4. Ordinary Water is extraordinary, It supports all life, none can live without it. Unobtrusively flows to the world, nourishing and refreshing.
  5. Fire reduces everything to its essence (bhasma), reminding us of freedom from the defects of avidya.
  6. Moon seems to wax and wane, yet there is no intrinsic change in it. Likewise the moods and changes should not affect persons nature or character. Being without light, yet it givesthe moonlight to the Earth by borrowing it from the Sun. It tells us not to loose our nature at the time of difficulty or get dejected, but to try again and again tomove forward.
  7. Sun light is reflected in gutters, rivers, streams, puddles, and looks different according to the contents and qualities of the water, but in itself it is the same. One should not be influenced by surroundings.
  8. Pigeon had little fledglings. They saw the seeds lying in the trap laid for them and due to greed went to pick them up and in the process lost their life. When caught in a net by a hunter, cried, luring the mother to her death.
  9. Python eat only what came to it, teaching learned the importance of patience and accepting facts of life. At times python spends days by fasting teaching us how to live with poverty.
  10. The ocean receives all rivers, all the waters of the earth, some clean, some polluted, yet it remains unaffected. Freedom from disturbance was the lesson from the ocean. The Rivers continuously keep on pouring its water in the sea and yet itdoes not cross its boundaries. Though by itself its water is sally, it provides sweet water to the clouds for rain.
  11. Seeing a firefly drawn to its destruction by its infatuation with the glittering flame, we can learn how desire can lead to destruction. In order to achieve its aim, Moth does not care for its own life, and gets burnt at the lamp (single minded determination).
  12. Flying from flower to flower, Bee takes only honey leaving the flowers unbruised and unhurt. It collects honey from theflowers and offers it to others. Bhiksha is about taking what was given voluntarily and offering good will in return. One should not live for oneself but others,
  13. elephant that hurtled down to its trap by being drawn to the wooden image of a female elephant. Overcome by lust the elephant gets caught and imprisoned for the rest of its life. One should not be deluded by the distractions of sensual desire. Even a photograph, a thought of a woman, can pull one down from one-pointedness in one's search.
    The Butterfly was sitting on the Lotus Flowers. In the night an Elephant ate the flower and as a result the Butterfly lost its life.
  14. The bee speeds his time making honey which the honey-gatherer enjoys. Precious time should be spent, not in acquiring but in making use of time for higher goals.
  15. A deer was on guard and alert. A hunter knowing its vulnerability, distracted it by music and caught it. Any vulnerability is a weakness on the spiritual path.
  16. The fish is caught because the bait with the worm is a temptation. One should be wary of the sense-organs and desires associated with them, whether it be taste, smell, vision, audition or touch.
  17. On one occasion courtesan called Pingala waited for her lover in great anguish and restlessness. But he did not come. At one point she became utterly disgusted with herself and thought, 'It is because of my desire and expectation that I suffer.'
    When Pingla Dancer was young at thattime it had many Customers. But When Pingla Dancer became old and she is unwanted and became poor.
  18. Small sparrow flying with a piece of food in its beak and encountera a Crow. Pursued by the Crow, the little sparrow dropped its food and escaped. The wisdom behind the instinctive action of the bird, that when the enemy is stronger, one should not hang onto possessions. One must be aware of one's limitations
    The Crow adopts the policy of selfishness and all creatures despise him. Selfishness can be extremely harmful.
  19. A little child was playing relaxed and untouched by the past. A child lives from moment to moment. There is no tension in play, no competition, just sheer joy and fun and celebration, like the flowering of the trees. We should be childlike at heart. Children do not nurse grievance,anger, jealousy, hatred and are free ofego and arrogance.
  20. A young girl had an unexpected guest (atithi who is regarded as divine). She went into the inner room to prepare food for them. While pounding the rice her glass bangles made a noise knocking against each other. She broke all bangles, except the last one. Sigle one can not make noise. One should walk alone on the spiritual path. Loneliness is good at times.
  21. Archer reminded "Om is the bow, atman is the arrow and the target is Brahman,"
    The Blacksmith puts the small pieces of Iron in the Furnace and with the help of the chisel, makes fine instruments out of it. In the same way a person who appears to be hardand with strong penance can transform himself into an useful person.
  22. Snake abandon crowds for safety. Do not hold on to anything known, whether a thought, or an emotion. This will help one to keep his awareness totally in every moment, unconditioned by yesterdays.
  23. The spider weaves its web with saliva from itself, and when it is done with it, takes it back into itself. The divinity that throws the cosmos out of itself, gathers it back into itself in the end. The spider builds its own web with single minded devotion.
  24. The wasp is said to take an insect, keep it in its nest, and keep stinging it every now and then until the insect becomes one-pointed with fear. In the end, insect itself become a wasp. "Brahma vidya brahmeva bhavati," ("To know Brahman is to become Brahman.").
    The snake torments others and is torments by others.