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Minimalists resolve to live with only the essentials, shunning anything nonessential. It was never inspired by poverty and austerity, but real wisdom.
Objective is not to clutter my space by having only the most useful, elegant and simple objects. Things should be simple in form and function, devoid of unnecessary frills and pointless decorations.

Minimalism - Less is more

1) Traditionally, People used to stress on poverty, purity, spirituality, obedience as important virtues.
2) Gandhi and many great personalities try to act or live like poor. Some wonder, was it expensive to keep Gandhi look "poor"? One need not go to these extremes.
3) Minimalism concept is a better alternative to lead a normal simple life.
4) Minimalism is a way of eschewing the non-essential in order to focus on what is truly important, gives our lives meaning, joy and value.
5) Minimalism is a way of looking at things in the age of global warming, large waste creation and resource depletion.

What is Minimalism?

1) {Have less and enjoy more} is better than {Have more and enjoy less of it}
2) Buy what you need, not what you would like or want
3) Possessions don’t bring us happiness.
4) Doing something brings about more pleasure than owning something.
5) Eat what you can digest [It does not matter how much you eat, but how much you can digest is important]
6) Books read matters, not books one has.
7) Contentment is natural wealth, luxury is artificial poverty.
8) One who is not contented with what one has, would not be contented with what one would like to have.
9) Most important: Do not Waste

Need, greed and want

Minimalism concept, illustrated by above graph applies to individuals, organizations, and countries. Consumerism is based on the need to possess, which is not needed. The flip side of possession is loss and we fear loss. Loosing things lead to all types of problems. Marketing and sales fill our lives with things we never felt we needed.

Simplicity and KISS

Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication [Leonardo da Vinci]
1) Everything should be kept as simple as possible, but no simpler. [Use with caution]
2) KISS is an acronym for "Keep it simple, stupid" as a design principle noted by the U.S. Navy in 1960. The KISS principle states that most systems work best if they are kept simple rather than made complicated; therefore simplicity should be a key goal in design and unnecessary complexity should be avoided.
3) Variations on the phrase include "Keep it Simple, Silly", "keep it short and simple", "keep it simple and straightforward" and "keep it small and simple".
4) The principle is best exemplified by the story of Johnson handing a team of design engineers a handful of tools, with the challenge that the jet aircraft they were designing must be repairable by an average mechanic in the field under combat conditions with only these tools.

Benefits

1) Meaningful life with less stuff. Rid ourselves of excess stuff
2) Minimalism is a tool that can assist you in finding real freedom.
3) Freedom from the trappings of the consumer culture we’ve built our lives around. Solution to problems created by Consumer driven economy - {Consumer is the King. Consume as much as possible, even if leads to excessive borrowing}
4) Eliminate our discontent
5) Reclaim our time and Live in the moment
6) Live with in your means (can sleep peacefully as you do not owe anyone)
7) Free time to Pursue our passions
8) Discover our missions
9) Focus on our health
10) Grow as individuals
11) Contribute beyond ourselves
12) Discover purpose in our lives

Living Matrix

I have more than I Need: Surplus, waste, Loosing Control, Unorganized, messy (mental slavery) I use a lot and I have lot: May be Ok for the rich, affluent
My needs are small and I have less: Ideal condition, good for society and community I need more than I have (Poverty state to be eradicated)

Minimalist living

1) Minimalist living is not ascetic living. Everyone must identify minimum needs and find their own path. It is a journey and there will be always have room for improvement.
2) Frugality is simply a way of not spending on unnecessary things — sticking to the essentials.
3) There is nothing wrong with a few really nice things, as long as you can afford them and can use them.
4) Better to go for quality, rather than quantity. Minimalism is about quality over quantity.
5) Instead of cheap items, quality items may last longer and eventually cost effective.

How to implement

1) 90-10 Usage Rule: You use 10% of things 90% of the time. Remaining 90%, you hardly use them.
2) 90-10 Principle: You really do not have any control over 10% of what happens. The other 90% is determined by your reaction. But people always get struck by 10% and put 90% of their effort in that 10%.
3) Prioritize your activities, objectives and work in stages
4) Reduce Alternates by prioritizing and applying 90-10 Principle
5) Time based plans to reduce surplus and waste

Target or Goal Setting

1) Learn to say "no." Don't promise too much. Reduce the amount of tension by having a shorter of list items that must be done. This may require you to reevaluate priorities and make difficult choices, but everyone must learn to live within manageable limits.
2) You can't control all the outside events in your life, but you can change how you handle them emotionally and psychologically. Try to learn to accept things you can't change. You don't have to solve all of life's problems.
3) Think about problems under your control and make a plan to solve them. You could talk to your boss about difficulties at work, talk with your neighbor if his dog bothers you or get help when you have too much to do.

Minimizing alternatives

Many times, we have lot of alternatives and will not know, how to reduce them. Example may be choosing a career, or subject for study, career choice or even a place to visit. Three step approach is presented. Consider an example of selecting subject for study.
1) List what all subjects, you will like to study (say top 12).
2) Out of 12 subjects, choose 6 subjects you are good at based on skills, knowledge and past experience.
3) Out of 6 subjects, select 3 subjects from resource and feasibility view point. For example, you are good in Golf, but does not have funds to take up that costly sport. Similarly there may be health constraints.
This method halves the alternates at every step. This can be modified and used in many cases.

Minimalist solution in Science & Technology

1) Simpler theories are preferable to more complex ones "because their empirical content is greater; and because they are better testable.
2) Among competing hypotheses that predict equally well, the one with the fewest assumptions should be selected. Other, more complicated solutions may ultimately prove to provide better predictions, but—in the absence of differences in predictive ability—the fewer assumptions that are made, the better. Occam's razor (W. Ockham 1287–1347)
3) If a thing can be done adequately by means o.f one, it is superfluous to do it by means of several; for we observe that nature does not employ two instruments [if] one suffices.
4) Simple working solution is better than complex perfect solution.
5) If solutions is complex, there are more scope for errors and chances for system to fail.
6) For every complex problem there is a solution that is concise, clear, simple
7) A specially designed iron ingot (resembling a fish) added to and left in the cooking pot slowly but steadily releases iron, fortifying each meal. Called, Lucky Iron Fish, this can reduce the prevalence of both iron deficiency and anaemia, costing less than US$1 per family per year.
8) Crew aboard the International Space Station with a toothbrush clear out cursed metal shavings, and get space station power up.

Minimalist Arts, Architecture and Space

During 60s, minimalism influenced artists in rejecting the lavish, highly-decorative styles of the past. Minimalists asked the question: How much can you strip away from an item — paintings, scupltures, buildings, furniture — without losing its essential purpose and identity?
1. A school of abstract painting and sculpture that emphasizes extreme simplification of form, as by the use of basic shapes and monochromatic palettes of primary colors, objectivity, and anonymity of style. Also called ABC art, minimal art, reductivism, rejective art.
2. Use of the fewest and barest essentials or elements, as in the arts, literature, or design.
3. Music marked by extreme simplification of rhythms, patterns, and harmonies, prolonged chordal or melodic repetitions, and often a trancelike effect.
Minimalist architecture simplifies living space to reveal the essential quality of buildings and conveys simplicity in attitudes toward life. It is highly inspired from the Japanese traditional design and the concept of Zen philosophy.
The concept of minimalist architecture is to strip everything down to its essential quality and achieve simplicity. The Japanese aesthetic of Wabi-sabi values the quality of simple and plain objects. It appreciates the absence of unnecessary features to view life in quietness and reveals the most innate character of materials. The Cool Hunter - Architecture - www.thecoolhunter.net/architecture Home Designs - freshome.com/2013/07/08/best-minimalist-home-designs/ Minimal Interior Design Inspiration - theultralinx.com/ Projects of Japanese architect - http://curbed.com/archives/2014/04/16/17-projects-proving-nobody-does-minimalism-quite-like-japan.php

Minimalist solution in Science & Technology

There are too many unnecessary things every where. Good design is:
innovative; that make products useful; aesthetic; makes product understandable; honest; unobstrucive; long lived; consistent in every detail; environmentally friendly; Last but not least: good design is as little design as possible. (Dieter Rams).
Do not work in vacuum. Designers are not pure artists. Live with business people, so that industries hould take it seriously.

Industrial Commercial Applications

1) Matching supply and demand
2) Input matched output to avoid traffic jam
3) Just in time – Low inventory and avoid storing lot of items locking up cash
4) It is vain to do with more what can be done with fewer"

Value Engineering

It seems that perfection is reached not when there is nothing left to add, but when there is nothing left to take away. Minimalism is all about removing distractions.
Value Engineering or value analysis - a systematic and organized approach to provide the necessary functions in a project at the lowest cost. Value engineering promotes the substitution of materials and methods with less expensive alternatives, without sacrificing functionality.
The concept of value engineering evolved in the 1940s at General Electric, in the midst of World War II. Due to the war, purchase engineer Lawrence Miles and others sought substitutes for materials and components, since there was a chronic shortage of them. These substitutes were often found to reduce costs and provided equal or better performance.

Minimalism (computing)

During designing a website:

Contentment and Minimalism